HIOKI recently announced the launch of the Impulse Winding Tester ST4030, which is the company’s first instrument to provide functionality for testing for defects in motor windings.
The ST4030 uses the new method of response waveform quantification1 to detect layer shorts (insulation defects)2 that cannot be detected by the standard approach of comparing area values arising from discrepancies between waveforms. The new instrument can detect waveforms with a high degree of precision thanks to 12-MHz sampling and 12-bit resolution, and it can be used with the Discharge Detection Upgrade ST9000 (featuring proprietary HIOKI filtering technology)3 to detect partial discharges caused by pseudo-shorts4, according to the company.
HIOKI provides a full lineup of instruments needed to test motor windings on manufacturing lines, if the newly launched product is included with the company’s existing resistance meter and withstand voltage tester.
Impulse winding testers are used to test for layer shorts between windings that occur in components such as motor inductors or coils. The waveform captured when the impulse voltage is applied to a known-good part (the master waveform) is used as a reference to generate pass/fail judgements by comparing it with a test waveform to gauge any differences in area.
With the move toward electric and self-driving vehicles driving up the quality of parts used in vehicles in recent years, motor windings are subject to increasingly strict reliability requirements. Because defects can lead to serious accidents and failures, manufacturers must guarantee the quality of motors used in vehicles over the long term.
However, it is difficult to detect failures – for example, single-turn faults – that do not appear in waveforms using the typical inspection method of comparing waveform area values. There has been increasing demand from manufacturers for the ability to detect minuscule partial discharges that are obscured by noise so that motor deterioration can be diagnosed with a high degree of precision. HIOKI developed the ST4030 to meet these requirements.
1. New solution: Detects single-turn faults by quantifying response waveforms.
The ST4030 makes quantitative judgements by digitizing response waveforms. Since n-turn shorts, such as single-turn faults that cannot be detected by the typical approach of comparing the area of waveforms, appear as differences in the values, the instrument can clearly distinguish between defective and non-defective parts.
2. Proprietary HIOKI technology: Detects pseudo-shorts with the Discharge Detection Upgrade.
Pseudo-shorts can be identified by detecting discharges. However, the phenomenon is difficult to differentiate from noise components because of the small difference in voltage it produces and the high frequencies involved. The Discharge Detection Upgrade ST900 can be used to reject noise components from high-frequency components appearing in response waveforms so that partial discharges can be isolated and used to generate pass/fail judgements. The ST9000 eliminates the need for additional equipment required in the traditional approach (for example, antennas used to detect discharges).
3. Test motors after rotor installation5
Because the waveforms used in the area comparison judgement method vary depending on the position at which the rotor has been installed, it has not been possible to set clear judgement standards for motors whose rotor has already been installed. In contrast, the ST4030’s value-based judgement method allows judgement areas to be defined even after the rotor has been installed so that the system can distinguish between defective and non-defective parts.
4. High-precision waveform detection
The ST4030 can detect waveforms with a high degree of precision thanks to its 200-MHz high-speed sampling and high 12-bit resolution.
5. Use of accumulated data to increase test quality
Quantification of response waveforms allows test data to be managed in a numerical manner. By subjecting accumulated data to statistical processing and providing it as feedback to upstream processes, customers can help estimate and prevent winding defects, thereby improingv quality.
- Vehicle motors
- Inductors (coils)
1 Response waveform quantification utilizes patents owned by Toenec Corporation.
2 Layer short: The windings in a coil (including the motor) must be covered with insulation (enamel), but the insulation resistance may be compromised because of a defect, resulting in a short-circuit. Such shorts are known as layer shorts or rare shorts. Principal causes include damage to the insulation due to heating or mechanical friction as well as deterioration over time.
3 Developed jointly with Aisin AW Co., Ltd.
4 The Discharge Detection Upgrade ST9000 is a factory option.
5 The rotor is the part of the motor that rotates when current is passed through it.