Power Electronics
Step-down Switching Regulator Powers 5-V USB Apps

Step-down Switching Regulator Powers 5-V USB Apps

Linear Technology Corporation announces the LT8697, a 2.5 A, 42 V input capable synchronous step-down switching regulator designed to power 5V USB applications. The LT8697 delivers precise 5 V regulation at a remote USB port using programmable cable drop compensation to accurately correct the voltage drop from a long connecting cable regardless of variations in load current. The LT8697’s forced continuous operation enables the LT8697 to sink current, maintaining full frequency operation at zero load, further enhancing accurate 5 V regulation during load transients. Initial 5 V output accuracy is ±1.3% over the -40 °C to 125 °C temperature range. An accurate and programmable output current limit, a power good indicator and an output current monitor pin improve system reliability and safety. These features enable the user to implement latchoff or auto-retry functionality which can eliminate the need for a USB switch IC. Internal synchronous rectification delivers 95% efficiency while switching at a 2 MHz switching frequency, keeping switching noise out of critical frequency bands such as AM radio. The combination of its 24-lead 3mm x 5mm QFN package and high switching frequency keeps external inductors and capacitors small, providing a very compact, thermally efficient footprint.

The LT8697 utilizes internal top and bottom high efficiency power switches with the necessary boost diode, oscillator, control, and cable compensation circuitry integrated into a single die. Its unique design maintains a minimum dropout voltage of only 450 mV (at 2.1 A) making it ideal for applications subjected to scenarios such as automotive cold-crank/start-stop. Internal cable compensation is programmable to accommodate the length and gauge of the cable while dual input feedback allows an additional level of protection during fault conditions, further protecting USB devices. Other features include internal compensation, a power good flag, output voltage soft start/tracking and thermal protection.

The LT8697EUDD is packaged in a 3 mm x 5 mm QFN package and is priced at $3.55 each. An industrial temperature version, the LT8697IUDD, is tested and guaranteed to operate from a -40 °C to 125 °C operating junction temperature and is priced at $3.91. All pricing is for 1,000 piece quantities and both versions are available from stock.

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