Power Electronics
Floating Switch Architecture Transforms Offline LED Drive Design

Floating Switch Architecture Transforms Offline LED Drive Design

The industry’s first floating switch architecture from Texas Instruments simplifies the offline linear drive of LEDs in lamps, downlights and fixtures. The AC switched matrix technique features TI’s TPS92411 floating MOSFET switch and is an innovative approach to producing low-ripple LED drive current without magnetic components. The architecture provides excellent compatibility with legacy wall dimmers and delivers high power factor and low total harmonic distortion (THD).

Flyback, buck and boost converters are common switch-mode power supply (SMPS) topologies in LED lamps today. These circuits operate at high frequencies and require inductive components to turn mains AC current into the constant DC current necessary to drive LEDs. Selection of inductors and transformers for power transfer is complicated, often requiring expensive custom components. In addition, an electromagnetic interference (EMI) filter consisting of four to ten passive components is required to prevent the SMPS circuit from harming other electronic equipment. If phase dimming is required, multiple design iterations may be necessary to optimize dimmer compatibility and prevent LED flicker.

The floating switch architecture with TI’s TPS92411 overcomes these challenges. It requires no inductive components for power transfer, eliminating cost and bulk and simplifying design. Watch a video here.

The TPS92411 joins TI’s diverse LED driver portfolio that includes the TPS92075, LM3447 and LM3445.

Key features and benefits of TPS92411:

  • 100-V, 2-Ohm floating MOSFET switch with 350 mA of current capability
  • LED drive performance is comparable to traditional flyback, buck and boost converter
  • Greater than 0.95 power factor.
  • Less than 15 percent of total harmonic distortion.
  • Low LED current ripple results in efficient LED utilization as compared with “tapped linear” drivers.
  • Low-frequency, slew-rate controlled switch action produces very little EMI noise.
  • Unlike designs using traditional converters, the very low-cost floating switch architecture requires no inductive components.
  • Works well with both TRIAC and reverse phase wall dimmers.
  • Supports lighting designs up to 70 W Availability, packaging and pricing

Available now in volume from TI and its authorized distributors, the TPS92411 is offered in a 5-pin SOT-23 package priced at US$0.23 each in 1,000-unit quantities. An evaluation module is offered at $75.00. The TPS92411 in an 8-pin PowerPad™ SOIC package will be available in the first quarter of 2014.

 

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